The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city.  March 7, 2014.

The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households.

With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city.  March 7, 2014.

 Most of the journey to the prisons upstate happens overnight. The bus stops at six different prisons on its route, dropping people off between 6 and 8 am in the morning. March 15, 2014.

Most of the journey to the prisons upstate happens overnight. The bus stops at six different prisons on its route, dropping people off between 6 and 8 am in the morning. March 15, 2014.

 The buses and mini vans are always full. Some parents make the trip on both days, Fridays and Saturdays, so that all children get to see their parent, since some prisons have a limit on the number of visitors per visit. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York State. April 26, 2014.

The buses and mini vans are always full. Some parents make the trip on both days, Fridays and Saturdays, so that all children get to see their parent, since some prisons have a limit on the number of visitors per visit. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York State. April 26, 2014.

 Attica is a maximum security prison in upstate New York. As all maximum security prisons, Attica has walls instead of fences that are reminiscent of medieval castles. It is one of the most infamous prisons in the US, largely due to a deadly prisoner's riot in 1971. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. March 29, 2014.

Attica is a maximum security prison in upstate New York. As all maximum security prisons, Attica has walls instead of fences that are reminiscent of medieval castles. It is one of the most infamous prisons in the US, largely due to a deadly prisoner's riot in 1971. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. March 29, 2014.

 Candis, 31, and her daughter Camryn, 1, on the way home from visiting John, Camryn's father, at the Wyoming Correctional facility on this day trip. Camryn was conceived during a so called "trailer" visit, one of the weekend visits that exist at many maximum security prisons. March 15, 2014.

Candis, 31, and her daughter Camryn, 1, on the way home from visiting John, Camryn's father, at the Wyoming Correctional facility on this day trip. Camryn was conceived during a so called "trailer" visit, one of the weekend visits that exist at many maximum security prisons. March 15, 2014.

201609_dahm_jacobia_theprisonbuses_05.jpg
 Candis holding one of the precious prison polaroids, the only pictures people have of their loved ones on the inside. This picture is showing her with her husband and her daughter. March 26, 2014.

Candis holding one of the precious prison polaroids, the only pictures people have of their loved ones on the inside. This picture is showing her with her husband and her daughter. March 26, 2014.

 The American Flag 20 miles north of Albion Correctional Facility. Most long term inmates don't have a release date and many know depending on the sentence, if they will ever leave prison. Families oftentimes do not know whether they will ever live together agan. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.

The American Flag 20 miles north of Albion Correctional Facility. Most long term inmates don't have a release date and many know depending on the sentence, if they will ever leave prison. Families oftentimes do not know whether they will ever live together agan. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.

 Jeremiah, 2, asleep as the bus is passing Attica prison in the early morning hours. Jeremiah is on his way to see his mother at Albion Correctional Facility. Albion is the largest women's prison in NY state, 20 miles from the Canadian Border. Jeremiah lives in the Bronx with his grandmother. March 8, 2014.

Jeremiah, 2, asleep as the bus is passing Attica prison in the early morning hours. Jeremiah is on his way to see his mother at Albion Correctional Facility. Albion is the largest women's prison in NY state, 20 miles from the Canadian Border. Jeremiah lives in the Bronx with his grandmother. March 8, 2014.

 A photograph of Candis, 31, and her husband John, taken during a prison visit.  April 18, 2014.

A photograph of Candis, 31, and her husband John, taken during a prison visit.  April 18, 2014.

 Monique, returning back to the city after visiting her boyfriend in a Correctional Facility upstate. The number of women who have incarcerated spouses is so high in the US that there are countless support groups for them that help deal with issues of isolation and shame. March 29, 2014.

Monique, returning back to the city after visiting her boyfriend in a Correctional Facility upstate. The number of women who have incarcerated spouses is so high in the US that there are countless support groups for them that help deal with issues of isolation and shame. March 29, 2014.

 The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.

The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.

 New York State has 70 state prisons, in which 80,000 prisoners are held. Many of the prisons are located upstate, and there is no public transport to them. The prisons have been economic favors to depressed rural areas that have little else to offer in terms of jobs. Not factored in, however, is how these favors tear families apart and further widen the distance between children and their incarcerated parents. This image was taken right outside Albion prison, the largest women's prison in New York State. Feb 15, 2014.

New York State has 70 state prisons, in which 80,000 prisoners are held. Many of the prisons are located upstate, and there is no public transport to them. The prisons have been economic favors to depressed rural areas that have little else to offer in terms of jobs. Not factored in, however, is how these favors tear families apart and further widen the distance between children and their incarcerated parents. This image was taken right outside Albion prison, the largest women's prison in New York State. Feb 15, 2014.

 The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 29, 2014.

The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 29, 2014.

 Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.

Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.

 The view of Orleans Correctional Facility from the bus. Like many New York State prisons, it is hundreds of miles from New York City, where many of its prisoners come from.  Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. April 26, 2014.

The view of Orleans Correctional Facility from the bus. Like many New York State prisons, it is hundreds of miles from New York City, where many of its prisoners come from.

Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. April 26, 2014.

201609_dahm_jacobia_theprisonbuses_16.jpg
 New York State prisons are mostly located in rural landscapes, often at the outskirts of tiny towns. There is no public transportation to these far-flung prisons, and the private buses are the only way to get to them.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world, and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. Feb 15, 2014.

New York State prisons are mostly located in rural landscapes, often at the outskirts of tiny towns. There is no public transportation to these far-flung prisons, and the private buses are the only way to get to them.

With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world, and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. Feb 15, 2014.

 A child on the ride back home after visiting a family member in prison. April 26, 2014. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women from underprivileged communities, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. April 26, 2014.

A child on the ride back home after visiting a family member in prison. April 26, 2014. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women from underprivileged communities, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. April 26, 2014.

 Richard, 11, doing homework on the way back from seeing his father in a facility upstate. Many children travel on the buses every weekend, and for them doing homework on the bus is part of the journey.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison and approximately 10 million American children have experienced parental incarceration at some point in their lives. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. March 29, 2014.

Richard, 11, doing homework on the way back from seeing his father in a facility upstate. Many children travel on the buses every weekend, and for them doing homework on the bus is part of the journey.

With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison and approximately 10 million American children have experienced parental incarceration at some point in their lives. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. March 29, 2014.

 The trips upstate are long and tiring and there are stops built into the journey each way, some of them in the middle of the night. Here the bus is stopping at a rest stop in Pennsylvania.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.

The trips upstate are long and tiring and there are stops built into the journey each way, some of them in the middle of the night. Here the bus is stopping at a rest stop in Pennsylvania.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.

 The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 8, 2014.   

The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 8, 2014.

 

 Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 29, 2014.

Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 29, 2014.

 Finding some sleep can be difficult on the long journey back into the city on this 24 hour roundtrip to the prisons upstate. March 29, 2014.

Finding some sleep can be difficult on the long journey back into the city on this 24 hour roundtrip to the prisons upstate. March 29, 2014.

 The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city.  March 7, 2014.
 Most of the journey to the prisons upstate happens overnight. The bus stops at six different prisons on its route, dropping people off between 6 and 8 am in the morning. March 15, 2014.
 The buses and mini vans are always full. Some parents make the trip on both days, Fridays and Saturdays, so that all children get to see their parent, since some prisons have a limit on the number of visitors per visit. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York State. April 26, 2014.
 Attica is a maximum security prison in upstate New York. As all maximum security prisons, Attica has walls instead of fences that are reminiscent of medieval castles. It is one of the most infamous prisons in the US, largely due to a deadly prisoner's riot in 1971. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. March 29, 2014.
 Candis, 31, and her daughter Camryn, 1, on the way home from visiting John, Camryn's father, at the Wyoming Correctional facility on this day trip. Camryn was conceived during a so called "trailer" visit, one of the weekend visits that exist at many maximum security prisons. March 15, 2014.
201609_dahm_jacobia_theprisonbuses_05.jpg
 Candis holding one of the precious prison polaroids, the only pictures people have of their loved ones on the inside. This picture is showing her with her husband and her daughter. March 26, 2014.
 The American Flag 20 miles north of Albion Correctional Facility. Most long term inmates don't have a release date and many know depending on the sentence, if they will ever leave prison. Families oftentimes do not know whether they will ever live together agan. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.
 Jeremiah, 2, asleep as the bus is passing Attica prison in the early morning hours. Jeremiah is on his way to see his mother at Albion Correctional Facility. Albion is the largest women's prison in NY state, 20 miles from the Canadian Border. Jeremiah lives in the Bronx with his grandmother. March 8, 2014.
 A photograph of Candis, 31, and her husband John, taken during a prison visit.  April 18, 2014.
 Monique, returning back to the city after visiting her boyfriend in a Correctional Facility upstate. The number of women who have incarcerated spouses is so high in the US that there are countless support groups for them that help deal with issues of isolation and shame. March 29, 2014.
 The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.
 New York State has 70 state prisons, in which 80,000 prisoners are held. Many of the prisons are located upstate, and there is no public transport to them. The prisons have been economic favors to depressed rural areas that have little else to offer in terms of jobs. Not factored in, however, is how these favors tear families apart and further widen the distance between children and their incarcerated parents. This image was taken right outside Albion prison, the largest women's prison in New York State. Feb 15, 2014.
 The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 29, 2014.
 Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.
 The view of Orleans Correctional Facility from the bus. Like many New York State prisons, it is hundreds of miles from New York City, where many of its prisoners come from.  Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. April 26, 2014.
201609_dahm_jacobia_theprisonbuses_16.jpg
 New York State prisons are mostly located in rural landscapes, often at the outskirts of tiny towns. There is no public transportation to these far-flung prisons, and the private buses are the only way to get to them.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world, and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. Feb 15, 2014.
 A child on the ride back home after visiting a family member in prison. April 26, 2014. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women from underprivileged communities, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. April 26, 2014.
 Richard, 11, doing homework on the way back from seeing his father in a facility upstate. Many children travel on the buses every weekend, and for them doing homework on the bus is part of the journey.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison and approximately 10 million American children have experienced parental incarceration at some point in their lives. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. March 29, 2014.
 The trips upstate are long and tiring and there are stops built into the journey each way, some of them in the middle of the night. Here the bus is stopping at a rest stop in Pennsylvania.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.
 The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 8, 2014.   
 Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 29, 2014.
 Finding some sleep can be difficult on the long journey back into the city on this 24 hour roundtrip to the prisons upstate. March 29, 2014.

The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households.

With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city.  March 7, 2014.

Most of the journey to the prisons upstate happens overnight. The bus stops at six different prisons on its route, dropping people off between 6 and 8 am in the morning. March 15, 2014.

The buses and mini vans are always full. Some parents make the trip on both days, Fridays and Saturdays, so that all children get to see their parent, since some prisons have a limit on the number of visitors per visit. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York State. April 26, 2014.

Attica is a maximum security prison in upstate New York. As all maximum security prisons, Attica has walls instead of fences that are reminiscent of medieval castles. It is one of the most infamous prisons in the US, largely due to a deadly prisoner's riot in 1971. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. March 29, 2014.

Candis, 31, and her daughter Camryn, 1, on the way home from visiting John, Camryn's father, at the Wyoming Correctional facility on this day trip. Camryn was conceived during a so called "trailer" visit, one of the weekend visits that exist at many maximum security prisons. March 15, 2014.

Candis holding one of the precious prison polaroids, the only pictures people have of their loved ones on the inside. This picture is showing her with her husband and her daughter. March 26, 2014.

The American Flag 20 miles north of Albion Correctional Facility. Most long term inmates don't have a release date and many know depending on the sentence, if they will ever leave prison. Families oftentimes do not know whether they will ever live together agan. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.

Jeremiah, 2, asleep as the bus is passing Attica prison in the early morning hours. Jeremiah is on his way to see his mother at Albion Correctional Facility. Albion is the largest women's prison in NY state, 20 miles from the Canadian Border. Jeremiah lives in the Bronx with his grandmother. March 8, 2014.

A photograph of Candis, 31, and her husband John, taken during a prison visit.  April 18, 2014.

Monique, returning back to the city after visiting her boyfriend in a Correctional Facility upstate. The number of women who have incarcerated spouses is so high in the US that there are countless support groups for them that help deal with issues of isolation and shame. March 29, 2014.

The prison buses pick up passengers in Brooklyn, Manhattan and the Bronx. Visitors need to reserve well in advance to get a good seat or make it onto the more comfortable buses at all instead of the much smaller mini vans. A bus ride costs $65 per adult and $30 per child, a substantial sum for families, many of whom struggle to make ends meet and are effectively single-parent households. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.

New York State has 70 state prisons, in which 80,000 prisoners are held. Many of the prisons are located upstate, and there is no public transport to them. The prisons have been economic favors to depressed rural areas that have little else to offer in terms of jobs. Not factored in, however, is how these favors tear families apart and further widen the distance between children and their incarcerated parents. This image was taken right outside Albion prison, the largest women's prison in New York State. Feb 15, 2014.

The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 29, 2014.

Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 8, 2014.

The view of Orleans Correctional Facility from the bus. Like many New York State prisons, it is hundreds of miles from New York City, where many of its prisoners come from.

Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. April 26, 2014.

New York State prisons are mostly located in rural landscapes, often at the outskirts of tiny towns. There is no public transportation to these far-flung prisons, and the private buses are the only way to get to them.

With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world, and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, undertake 24-hour trips and get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. Feb 15, 2014.

A child on the ride back home after visiting a family member in prison. April 26, 2014. With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world and an estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women from underprivileged communities, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. April 26, 2014.

Richard, 11, doing homework on the way back from seeing his father in a facility upstate. Many children travel on the buses every weekend, and for them doing homework on the bus is part of the journey.

With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison and approximately 10 million American children have experienced parental incarceration at some point in their lives. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from New York City. March 29, 2014.

The trips upstate are long and tiring and there are stops built into the journey each way, some of them in the middle of the night. Here the bus is stopping at a rest stop in Pennsylvania.  With 2.3 million people in prison the United States has the largest prison population in the world. An estimated 2.7 million American children have a parent in prison. Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons at the Northern end of New York state. February 15, 2014.

The entire bus ride lasts about 24 hours from New York City to the prisons and back, with each leg lasting about 8 hours. The first prison stops take place early in the morning and there is little time for rest for the travelers. March 8, 2014.

 

Every Friday and Saturday night hundreds of New Yorkers, mostly women, many with children, get on private buses and mini vans to drive all night in order to spend a few hours the next day with their husbands, brothers, mothers and fathers, who have been placed in prisons hundreds of miles from the city. March 29, 2014.

Finding some sleep can be difficult on the long journey back into the city on this 24 hour roundtrip to the prisons upstate. March 29, 2014.

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